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# Groundwater Overview

The Groundwater modelling options in RocSlope allow you to define the method of calculating groundwater pore pressures for the Materials in your slope (and for some options, the Joint Water Pressure). The pore pressures are used in the calculation of water pressures the joints (driving force and effective normal force) which is required for the limit equilibrium stability analysis. Water Surfaces allow you to model ponded water and other hydraulic-related options.

## Groundwater Method

The Groundwater Method determines how pore pressure is modelled for a Material. There are three main methods:

• Water Surfaces (e.g., Water Table or Piezo Surface)
• Ru Coefficients

The Groundwater Method in RocSlope can be specified independently for each Material defined in the Material Properties dialog. A default Groundwater Method can be selected in Project Settings to automatically set the initial default method for all Materials.

## Water Surfaces

If the Groundwater Method = Water Surfaces, then you can assign a Water Surface (e.g., Water Table, Piezo) to calculate the pore pressure for a Material. Pore pressure is proportional to the vertical distance from the Water Surface. Water Surfaces are created with the Add Water Surface or Add Water by Location options, and may represent a Water Table or Piezo Surface. Water Surfaces can be used to define ponded water and other hydraulic-related options. See the Water Surfaces Overview topic.

Water Surfaces can also be assigned by Joint Properties. See the Define Joint Properties topic for more information.

## Ru Coefficient

If the Groundwater Method = Ru Coefficient, then a Ru Coefficient can be specified for a Material in order to define pore pressure. The Ru Coefficient models the pore pressure as a fraction of the vertical earth pressure.

## Water Grids

If the Groundwater Method = Water Grids then you can assign a Water Grid (Total Head, Pressure Head or Pore Pressure) to a Material. A Water Grid specifies pore pressure at a grid of x, y, z locations, from which the pore pressure at any point in the Material can be interpolated. Water Pressure Grids are created with the Add Water Pressure Grid option. See the Water Pressure Grid Overview topic.

Water Grids can also be assigned by Joint Properties. See the Define Joint Properties topic for more information.

For any Groundwater Method assigned to a Material, it will only be used by the RocSlope analysis if (1) a given Joint Property has Water Pressure Method set to Material Dependent in the Water Parameters tab AND (2) a joint assigned the given Joint Property passes through that given Material.