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Groundwater Seepage Analysis

1.0 Introduction

Groundwater seepage analysis can be analyzed using either water table or pore water pressure grids in Slide3. The objective of this tutorial is to introduce the ability to do a groundwater seepage analysis in Slide3 by way of importing a water pressure grid from RS3. Results are then compared between the seepage method and the water table method.

Finish Product:

All tutorial files installed with Slide3 can be accessed by selecting File > Recent > Tutorials folder from the Slide3 main menu. The finished product of this tutorial can be found in the Groundwater Seepage analysis_final.Slide3m2 file and Porewater pressure grid_final.Slide3m2.

2.0 Import Slide2 model to Slide3

We will be importing 2D slope model with groundwater from Slide2.

  1. Select File > Import > Import Slide Project
  2. The slide2 model is inside the following tutorial folder with name: 'slide water table'. Once you select the file 'slide water table' Slide2 model, the 2D model will be imported.
  3. Note: This Slide2 tutorial model is similar to Tutorial 07 Finite Element Groundwater Seepage from Slide2 except pore water pressure has been removed from the model for use of this tutorial. Refer to the Slide2 model if you're interested in how this 2D model has been created.
  4. You will be prompted with extrusion depth.
    Import Slide Project Dialog
  5. Choose depth of 100 m. Select OK.
  6. You'll be prompted with import log. Select OK.
    Import Information Dialog
  7. Select OK with default extrusion depth of 100m.
  8. Select Groundwater workflow tab groundwater icon. You will see the following model as shown below:
  9. Model TIled View

    As you can see, the slope geometry is provided with water table shown in different plane. The ground water is above the geometry on lower slope and it goes below the geometry on higher slope.

    Before compute, make sure to check whether the project settings are the same as shown below for methods and groundwater.


    Project Settings Dialog - Methods Tab.


    Project Settings Dialog - Groundwater Tab

  10. Save the project as Steady state seepage_Slide3 before compute.

3.0 Compute Groundwater Steady State analysis in Slide3

We will first analyze the extruded model using Slide3 with steady state groundwater.

  1. Select Analysis > Compute compute icon

You will see the result as shown below with GLE FOS of approximately 1.5.

Extruded Model with Steady State Groundwater

  1. Select Interpret > Show Data on Plane > XZ xz plane icon. Change the Data on Planes menu to Pore Water Pressure.
  2. We want to change the contour option setting as well. Select Interpret > Contour options Contour options icon or right click on Legend.
  3. Select Custom Range and enter 0 to 144. Set Interval Count to 24.
    Contour options
  4. Select Apply. You will see the following model result as shown below.

  5. Model Tiled View with Contours

    It is interesting to note that the pressure head shows zero value along the surface of the water table. This shows the pressure head analysis result is consistent with water table in the model.

  6. Save the project. This file will be used to compare the result with imported pore water pressure grid from RS3 later.

4.0 Import Pore Water Pressure Grid to Slide3

With the Slide3 model opened (Steady state seepage_Slide3), we will import the pore water pressure slide3.pwp3 file.

  1. Select Groundwater > Add Water Pressure Grid or select Add Water Pressure Grid add water grid icon from the toolbar. You will see the following dialog:
    Water Pressure Grid
  2. Select the Import button. Change the open file type to PWP Files (*.PWP, PWP3).
  3. Open the file pore water pressure grid slide3.pwp3 which you should find in the following tutorial folder. This file was created by exporting the results of a seepage analysis from RS3.
  4. Refer to Groundwater Seepage Analysis tutorial in RS3 which covers details on how you can obtain pore water pressure grids using the same geometry and water table.

    When you import the file you will first see an Import CSV file dialog.

  5. Select OK and the data should appear in the Water Pressure Grid dialog.

    Define Water Pressure Grid Dialog
  6. Select OK, then the Hydraulic Assignment dialog pops up, and you can see the water pressure grid displayed as a grid colorful points on the model.

Water Pressure Grid Blue Points Model View

Water Grid 1 should be added to the Visibility Pane in the model.

    5.0 Results

    Results Tab

    1. Save the file and select Analysis > Compute compute icon
    2. Select the Results workflow tab to view the results.
    3. Select Interpret > Show Data on Plane > XZ xz plane icon
    4. Change the Data on Planes drop down menu to Pore Water Pressure.
    5. The Global Minimum slip surface for the GLE FOS analysis will be displayed. The safety factor for GLE is about 1.5.

    6. Change the contour plot option by selecting Interpret > Contour Options contour options icon, or right click on the legend.
    7. Select Custom Range and keep values 0 to 144 and and 24 for interval count.

    Then you will see the following result as shown below:

    Model Contour View

    It is interesting to note that when Pore water pressure grid is used to analyze the seepage with same condition, the pore water pressure was lower than the analysis with ground water table (113.5 kPa to 112.9 kPa).

    We can compare three case scenarios:

    1. Slide2 2D ground water seepage analysis
    2. Slide3 ground water steady state analysis
    3. Slide3 import pore water pressure analysis.

    Three Case Scenarios 2D Model Views

    Slide2 2D ground water seepage analysis

    GLE FOS = 1.56

    Pore water pressure = 115.6

    Slide3 ground water steady state analysis

    FOS = 1.496

    Pore water pressure = 112.9 kPa

    Slide3 Import Pore Water Pressure Analysis

    FOS = 1.513

    Pore water pressure = 113.5 kPa

    With the comparison between Slide2 and two Slide3 results, we can see the results are in good agreement with each other. Note that although both of the slide models are analyzed with steady state ground water analysis, the results are slightly different. The difference is explained by pore water pressure grids which is obtained from water pressure head difference analysis from RS3 (FEM). If you want to analyze a transient seepage analysis in Slide3, you can perform the analysis in RS3 with transient ground water setting, and export the pore water pressure grids to Slide3 and run the analysis.

    This concludes the groundwater seepage tutorial in Slide3.

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