The Rocscience International Conference 2021 Proceedings are now available. Read Now

Search Results

Joint Waviness Angle

Waviness is a parameter that can be included in the joint shear strength calculation, for any of the strength models used in SWedge. It accounts for the waviness (undulations) of a joint surface, observed over distances on the order of 1 m to 10 m [Miller, 1988], and has the effect of increasing the shear strength of the joint.

The waviness angle is equal to the AVERAGE dip of the joint, minus the MINIMUM dip of the joint. This is illustrated in the figure below.

The waviness angle can be determined by taking a number of failure plane dip measurements, calculating the average dip of the plane and subtracting the minimum dip. For example: if the average dip = 30 degrees, and the minimum dip = 25 degrees, then the waviness angle = 5 degrees.

Waviness Angle = [average dip] – [minimum dip] of joint plane

Effect of Waviness Angle on Shear Strength

A non-zero waviness angle, will increase the effective shear strength of a joint. The implementation of the waviness angle in the shear strength calculation is very simple. The increase in the joint shear strength, due to waviness, is simply equal to:

ncrease in the joint shear strength


 normal stress on the joint = normal stress on the joint

waviness angle = waviness angle

For example, if you are using the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion, and you have specified a waviness angle (greater than zero), then the shear strength of the joint is given by:

Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion


shear strength = shear strength

 cohesion = cohesion

 friction angle = friction angle

As you can see, the waviness angle is implemented in the same way as the Mohr-Coulomb friction angle. The increased shear strength is proportional to the normal stress and the tangent of the waviness angle. The effect of the waviness angle on shear strength is the same for all strength models used in SWedge. The joint shear strength is simply increased by the amount:

Joint shear strength

regardless of the joint strength criterion. See the Joint Shear Strength topic for a description of the strength models available in SWedge.

Account Icon - click here to log in or out of your account Shopping Cart icon Click here to search our site Click here to close Learning Tech Support Documentation Info Chevron Delete Back to Top View More" PDF File Calendar Location Language Fees Video Click here to visit Rocscience's LinkedIn page Click here to visit Rocscience's YouTube page Click here to visit Rocscience's Twitter page Click here to visit Rocscience's Facebook page Click here to visit Rocscience's Instagram page Bookmark Network Scroll down for more Checkmark Download Print Back to top Single User Multiple Users CPillar Dips EX3 RocFall RocPlane RocSupport RocTopple RS2 RS3 RSData RSPile Settle3 Slide2 Slide3 SWedge UnWedge Commercial License Education License Trial License Shop safe & secure Money-back guarantee