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11- Driven Analysis of Tapered Piles (Raymond and Monotube)

1.0 Introduction

In this tutorial, you will learn how to analyze a single driven pile in multiple soil layers under various conditions in RSPile. Before proceeding with the tutorial, make sure you’ve gone through Tutorial 01 - RSPile Quick Start to familiarize yourself with the product’s basic functions and features.

Finished Product:

The finished product of this tutorial can be found in the Tutorial 11 - Driven Pile Analysis of Tapered Piles data file. All tutorial files installed with RSPile can be accessed by selecting File > Recent Folders > Tutorials Folder from the RSPile main menu.

2.0 Model

When the RSPile program is started, a new blank document is already opened, allowing you to begin creating a model immediately.

On sign convention: In RSPile, the default ground surface is at depth = 0, depth is positive downwards, and compressive stress is positive.


  1. Select Home > Project Settings project settings (CTRL + J).
  2. In the General tab, set the Units to USCS (Imperial) and Program Mode Selection to Capacity Calculations.
  3. Go to the Capacity Calculations tab and set the Individual Pile Capacity to Driven.
  4. Just as for reference you can check the default settings by clicking on Defaults... if you wish to revert to default settings you can select the "Restore original program defaults" option.
    Set Program Defaults dialog
  5. Click Cancel.
  6. Go to the Advanced tab. Select OK after reviewing the values. It should be same as defaults.
  7. Project Settings - Advanced tab

    The number of Pile Segments should default to 200.
  8. Click OK to close the Project Settings dialog.

3.0 Soil


  1. Select Soils > Define Soil Properties Define soil properties
  2. Define the following parameters:
    • Soil Property 1
      • Unit Weight (lbs/ft3) = 118
      • Soil Type = Cohesionless
      • Driving Strength Loss (%) = 20
      • Internal Friction Angle (Skin Friction) = 32
      • Internal Friction Angle (End Bearing) = 32

    Soil Properties dialog

    • Soil Property 2
      • Unit Weight (lbs/ft3) = 125
      • Soil Type = Cohesive
      • Driving Strength Loss (%) = 20
      • Undrained Shear Strength (psf) = 5000
      • Adhesion Type: Piles Driven Through Overlying Sands or Sandy Gravels (Tomlinson 1980)

    Soil Properties dialog

  3. Click OK to close the dialog.

4.0 Boreholes


  1. Select Soils > Edit All borehole editor icon to open the Edit Borehole dialog.
  2. Click the Insert Layer Below insert layer below iconbutton to add another soil layer.
  3. For Borehole 1, set the Thickness (ft) of each layer to the following values:
    • Soil Property 1 = 10 ft.
    • Soil Property 2 = 30 ft.

    edit borehole dialog

  4. Click OK to close the dialog.

5.0 Piles


  1. Select Piles > Pile Sections Pile Section Properties icon to open the Define Pile Section Properties dialog
  2. For Pile Section 1, define the following parameters:
    • Cross Section = Raymond
    • Diameter of Pile (ft) = 1.5

    Define Pile Section Properties dialog

  3. Click OK to close the dialog.


  • Any cross-section can be made tapered in the Pile Type Editor except for H-Pile
  • Monotubes can be modelled (similar to v3.005) by selecting Pipe Pile – Closed End
  • With reference to Chart, of the theory manual:
    • The uniform section of the Pile-Pipe closed end will use curve a
    • The tapered section of the Pile-Pipe closed end will use curve g
    • The uniform section of a Raymond pile will use curve d
    • The tapered section of a Raymond pile will use curve e


  1. Select Piles > Pile Types Define Pile Types icon to open the Edit Pile Types dialog.
  2. Click the Insert Layer Below insert layer below icon icon to add another section.
  3. For Section #2, select Pile Section 1 from the dropdown as the section property. In addition, set Cross Section Type = Tapered and Taper Angle = 0.46 degrees.
  4. Set the following lengths for each section:
    • #1 - Pile Section 1 = 5 ft.
    • #2 - Pile Section 1 = 35 ft.

    Edit Pile Types dialog

  5. Click OK to close the dialog.


  1. Select Home > Optional Capacity Considerations optional capacity considerations. In the Optional Capacity Considerations dialog, you can define additional parameters that will affect the Ultimate Capacity Analysis.
  2. Enter the following properties:
    • Design Type = Soft Compressible Soil
    • Depth of Soft Compressible Soil (ft) = 2
  3. Optional Capacity Considerations dialog

  4. Click OK to close the dialog.


The Add Single Pile dialog is where the pile elevation (depth of the top of the pile) and length are defined. To add a pile:

  1. Select Piles > Single Add single pile icon
  2. Add Pile dialog

  3. Since we've already defined the pile properties, click OK to close the Add Pile dialog. You will be prompted to enter the (x,y) coordinates of the new single pile. You may enter the location manually in the bottom right of the screen, or click a point on the Plan View to place it.
  4. Enter Location = (0, 0) and press Enter.
    Pile model

6.0 Results


  1. Select Results > Compute Compute icon
  2. Compute dialog

Notice that the soil column has now been updated to reflect the strata.

Model with results


After computation, the Restrike (Total) is shown along the length of the pile by default. Use the Data Type dropdown to control what results are shown.

Data Type dropdown

Pile Results may be toggled on or off using the View Controls in the sidebar.

View Controls

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