The Rocscience International Conference 2021 Proceedings are now available. Read Now
 

Search Results

Crest Loss in RocFall

This tutorial will demonstrate the Crest Loss option in RocFall. Crest Loss allows you to account for the loss of bench width that occurs when material is lost at the crest of slope benches due to localized failure. Statistical input allows you to account for the random nature of the bench failure.

Topics Covered in this Tutorial:

  • Defining Crest Loss
  • Statistical Distributions
  • Animating paths
  • Crest Loss display

Finished Product

The finished product of this tutorial can be found in the Tutorial 06 Crest Loss data file. All tutorial files installed with RocFall can be accessed by selecting File > Recent Folders > Tutorials Folder from the RocFall main menu.

1.0 Model

Let's start by opening the file for the tutorial:

  • Select: File > Recent Folders > Tutorials Folder and open the Tutorial 06 initial file.

You should see the following model.

This model already has all slope properties defined except for the Crest Loss:

  • There is one point seeder defined at the top of the crest of the slope
  • We are using Rigid Body analysis with rounded rock shapes
  • Number of Rocks = 250 rocks

2.0 Results

Now we'll switch to Results mode to run the analysis and see results without Crest Loss.

  • Click Results Results icon on the toolbar

Image of model

For this model, the rocks travel down the first bench face and all rocks come to rest on the first bench below the seeder. Zoom in to better view the rock paths.

2.1 GRAPH ENDPOINTS

Next we'll generate an Endpoints graph of results.

  1. Select Graph Endpoints Graph Endpoints icon on the toolbar or the Graphs menu. The Graph Endpoints dialog should appear.
  2. Set Data = Endpoint Location.
  3. Set Value = Number of Rocks.
  4. Set Number of Bins = 50.
  5. Set Paths to Plot = All Rock Paths.
  6. Graph Endpoints dialog

  7. Select Plot Data to generate the Distribution of Rock Path End Locations graph.
  8. Select Tile Vertically on the Window menu to see both views at once.

As you can see all rocks stop on the first bench.

Distribution of Rock End Locations graph and model

3.0 Crest Loss

Now we will apply the Crest Loss option and re-run the analysis.

  1. Close the Endpoints graph and maximize the slope view.
  2. Select Design Design icon on the toolbar to switch back to Design mode.
  3. Select Crest Loss Crest Loss icon on the Slope menu.
    You will be prompted to select vertices. Crest Loss is applied to crest vertices of a slope.
  4. Use the mouse to select the FIVE crest vertices of the benched slope as shown below.
    Image of slope model
  5. Right-click and select Done Selection.
    The Crest Loss dialog appears.
    Crest Loss dialog

    NOTES:

    • As illustrated in the dialog, notice how Crest Loss is defined in RocFall – by defining a length loss on the bench (upslope) and on the bench face (downslope). Statistics can be applied to both length variables.
    • You can define crest loss independently for each selected vertex. However for this tutorial we will apply the same statistical input for all selected vertices.
  6. Select the Apply to All check box in the bottom-left of the dialog.
  7. Set Upslope segment length loss (d1) = 5.
  8. Click the Distribution button and set:
    • Distribution = Uniform
    • Rel. Min: = 5
    • Rel. Max: = 5
  9. Crest Loss dialog

  10. Set Downslope segment length loss (d2) = 10.
  11. Click the Distribution button and set:
    • Distribution = Uniform
    • Rel. Min: = 10
    • Rel. Max: = 10
  12. Crest Loss dialog

  13. Click OK to save the changes and close the dialog.
  14. Save the file with a new name.
  15. 3.1 CREST LOSS DISPLAY OPTIONS

    When you define Crest Loss, the input is automatically displayed on the model with highlighting using colour and/or hatch patterns. You can customize the crest loss display in the Display Options dialog.

  16. Right-click the model and select Display Options Display Options icon .
  17. Make sure Crest Loss Display = Max.

Display Options dialog

This will display the maximum possible extent of the Crest Loss according to the maximum values you have defined for your statistical distributions. In this case the Maximum crest loss corresponds to 5+5=10 meters on the bench and 10+10= 20 meters on the bench face. The Crest Loss display (red highlights) should appear as follows: Image of model with Cress Loss display

4.0 Results

Now let's run the analysis.

  • Select Results icon Results mode on the toolbar.

You should see the following:

Image of model

NOTES:

  • Notice that the rocks now travel much further down the slope because of the loss of bench width created by the Crest Loss option.
  • Also notice that the Crest Loss slope segments are drawn for all rock paths and show you the actual Crest Losses generated by your input data.
  • For each rock thrown down the slope, the slope geometry is re-generated using the randomly generated Crest Loss at each selected vertex.

4.1 ANIMATE PATHS

Now we'll use the Animate Path option to view the rock fall.

  1. Select Animate Path Animate Path icon on the toolbar or the Results menu and zoom in if necessary.
  2. In the Animate Result dialog, click through each rock path using the forward arrow beside the rock ID number.

Image of model

NOTES:

  • Notice that each time you view a new rock path, you can see the actual Crest Loss generated for each rock throw.
  • The Crest Loss is randomly generated according to your mean values and statistical distribution and parameters.

Close the Animate dialog.

4.2 GRAPH ENDPOINTS

Next we'll generate an Endpoints graph of results with Crest Loss applied.

  1. Select Graph Endpoints on the toolbar or the Graphs menu. The Graph Endpoints dialog should appear.
  2. Set Data = Endpoint Location.
  3. Set Value = Number of Rocks.
  4. Set Number of Bins = 50.
  5. Set Paths to Plot = All Rock Paths.

Graph Endpoints dialog

  • Select Plot Data to generate the Distribution of Rock Path End Locations graph.
  • Distribution of Rock Path End Locations graph

    NOTES:

    • With the Crest Loss we have defined, most rocks still stop on the first bench. However, a significant number of rocks now travel farther down the slope, with some coming to rest on each of the downslope benches.
    • As you can see, the effect of the Crest Loss is significant compared to the model with no crest loss.

    5.0 Additional Exercise

    As an additional exercise, it is recommended that you experiment with different statistical distributions and input values of Crest Loss to see the effect on the generated crest loss. Since the upslope and downslope segment lengths are not correlated during the statistical sampling, you may wish to define larger values for the downslope Crest Loss compared to the upslope in order to generate more realistic Crest Loss geometry (i.e., steeper wedge failures at the crest).

    Also try viewing the mean Crest Loss display (in Display Options) and compare with the Max display. This will give a better idea of the range of values you have defined.

    This concludes the tutorial. You are now ready for the next tutorial, Tutorial 07 - Barrier Sensitivity Analysis in RocFall.

    Account Icon - click here to log in or out of your account Shopping Cart icon Click here to search our site Click here to close Learning Tech Support Documentation Info Chevron Delete Back to Top View More" PDF File Calendar Location Language Fees Video Click here to visit Rocscience's LinkedIn page Click here to visit Rocscience's YouTube page Click here to visit Rocscience's Twitter page Click here to visit Rocscience's Facebook page Click here to visit Rocscience's Instagram page Bookmark Network Scroll down for more Checkmark Download Print Back to top Single User Multiple Users CPillar Dips EX3 RocFall RocPlane RocSupport RocTopple RS2 RS3 RSData RSPile Settle3 Slide2 Slide3 SWedge UnWedge Commercial License Education License Trial License Shop safe & secure Money-back guarantee