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Sarma Non-Vertical Slices

1. Introduction

This tutorial introduces the Sarma approach.

The Sarma method satisfies all conditions of equilibrium. For each slice, horizontal and vertical force equilibrium and moment equilibrium are satisfied. The method can be applied to any shape of slip surface, and vertical or inclined slices can be used.

This tutorial will demonstrate the optimized slice angle option, where the critical set of slice angles is found by the program, constrained by the fact that slices cannot cross one another.

2. Vertical Slices

From Slide2, open the tutorial file. Go to File > Recent Folders > Tutorials Folder and select the Tutorial 26 Sarma Non-Vertical Slices initial.slmd file.

For the first set of analyses, we’ll look at vertical slices. Open the Project Settings, go to the Methods page, and make sure that the GLE/Morgenstern-Price, Spencer, and Sarma methods are selected. The dialog should appear as shown below.

Vertical slices


Run the analysis and open Interpret. All three methods yield similar Factor of Safety results.

The results for the Sarma vertical slice analysis should appear as shown below. Use the Query > Show Slices menu option to turn on the slice view.

Sarma vertical slice analysis

Results for Sarma vertical slice analysis

3. Sarma Method (Non-Vertical Slices)

Go back to the Slide2 modeller.

  1. Right-click on the group and select Add Scenario. Do this twice.
  2. Right-click again and select Rename. Rename the first scenario “Vertical Slices” and the second scenario “Non-Vertical Slices.”
  3. Click on the Non-Vertical Slices scenario and open the Project Settings.
  4. In the Methods page, select the Sarma Non-Vertical Slices option. Leave the other inputs as the default values, and the dialog should appear as below.

Project Settings Methods


Run the analysis and open Interpret. Click on the Non-Vertical Slices scenario. Select Query > Show Slices. The results should appear as shown below.

Non-Vertical Slices results

Results for Sarma non-vertical slice analysis

If you select Query > Query Slice Data you can click on individual slices to view the slice data.

Query Slice Data individual slices

Detailed slice forces for Sarma non-vertical slices


Go back to the Slide2 modeller and open the Methods page in Project Settings.

For the Sarma Non-Vertical Slice Method, you can change the convergence options, similar to the Vertical Slice methods. You can also modify the Slice Angle calculation and interslice strength options.

For the Slice Angles, the default option is Optimized by Global Mininum (i.e. slice angles are only optimized for the Global Minimum slip surface). You can also optimize for All Surfaces. The user-defined slice angle methods are Bisection, Weighted Normal Average, and Vertical.

For more information on the Sarma analysis options, see the Sarma Non-Vertical Slice Method page.

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