Drained-Undrained Strength

The Drained-Undrained strength option in the Define Material Properties dialog, allows you to define a soil strength envelope which considers both drained and undrained Mohr-Coulomb strength parameters. The shear strength is defined in terms of effective stress parameters c’ and phi’, up to a maximum value of shear strength defined by the undrained cohesion Cu.

If c’, phi’ and Cu are all constant, then you can simply enter these parameters directly in the Define Material Properties dialog.

If the cohesion is variable with depth:

  1. Select the "Cohesion varies with depth" checkbox in the Define Material Properties dialog.

  2. This will enable the Define button. Select the Define button, and you will see another dialog (the Drained-Undrained Strength Properties dialog), in which you can define the drained and / or undrained cohesion as a function of depth.

By default, the (Undrained) Cohesion Type = F(Depth) and the (Drained) Cohesion Type = F(undrained Cu). However, you may define the Drained and Undrained cohesion using any combination of the options described below.

Undrained Strength Parameters

In the Drained-Undrained Strength Properties dialog, the Undrained cohesion can be defined as:

by selecting from the Cohesion Type drop-list.

Constant

Cohesion is constant throughout the material.

F(Depth)

Cohesion is a function of depth, where depth is measured from the top of the material layer, to the center of a slice base.

F(Datum)

Cohesion is a function of depth, where depth is measured from a user specified Datum (y-coordinate) to the center of a slice base.

Drained Strength Parameters

The Drained cohesion can be defined as:

by selecting from the Cohesion Type drop-list.

Constant

Cohesion is constant throughout the material.

F(Depth)

Cohesion is a function of depth, where depth is measured from the top of the material layer, to the center of a slice base.

F(Datum)

Cohesion is a function of depth, where depth is measured from a user specified Datum (y-coordinate) to the center of a slice base.

NOTE: a Cutoff value cannot be defined for the Drained cohesion.

F(undrained Cu)

With this option, the drained cohesion c’ is defined as a fraction of the undrained Cu, by entering a c’/Cu ratio. This automatically defines the drained cohesion in terms of the undrained strength. For example, if the undrained cohesion varies with depth, then the drained cohesion will also vary with depth, according to the value of Cu at a given depth, and the c’/Cu ratio.

Friction Angle Phi’

The drained friction angle Phi’ for the material. This parameter does NOT vary with depth.